Eczema and rashes

The eczema refers to a set of dermatological conditions that are characterized by a redness of the affected area and present a scaly process with a lot of itching. They can spread easily and quickly to other areas of the body. It can evolve acutely or chronically and recurrently with outbreaks, especially eczema with genetic predisposition. Although the mechanisms involved in each type of eczema are different, there is always an alteration in the white blood cells that causes an abnormal immune reaction to external substances.

The main causes that can cause eczema are:

  • Allergy
  • Presence of irritants
  • Genetic heritage
  • Coexistence with other diseases

According to its symptoms you can be classified into:

  • Atopic eczema: it is generally characterized by scaly, red and itchy lesions, mainly in the joints. Is usually associated with different processes in allergic such as asthma, urticaria, allergic rhinitis and skin dryness.

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  • Seborrheic eczema: it can occur in both children and adults. In the small ones usually it appears during the first months of life in the scalp (cradle) and the zone of the diaper. In adults, it occurs mostly on the face, ears and scalp but can also occur in other areas of the body. It is characterized by showing a whitish-yellowish flakes on a reddish area.

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  • Contact Eczema: appears as a result of an allergic response to a product with the patient has come into contact. In these cases we recommend epicutaneous tests to detect the substance that triggers this reaction.

Usually the diagnosis is made through by observation by the dermatologist of the affected area and the realization of specific tests epicutaneous of allergy, when we meet a contact eczema.

The recommended treatment includes hygiene recommendations and hydration, avoid contact with irritants substances, topical products and in some patients the phototherapy.

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